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  A Standards Update - ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 - Automatic Identification and Data Capture Techniques

(NOTE: This page has been updated since the original article - June 18, 2009)

Welcome to this edition of a regular column about standards in the Automatic Identification and Data Capture (AIDC) industry. This column will be updated regularly to keep you current on news of standards and their impact on the industry.

In the coming months, we will try to educate you on the various technologies covered under the AIDC umbrella as well as bring news of the standardization process and its progress. If you have news about standards that you want to share, or questions you want to ask, send them to steve@hightechaid.com and we will try to incorporate them into the next column.

In last month's issue of this column, I gave the history of the formation of the ISO committee for standardization of AIDC technologies, as well as some reasons for the need for standardization.

This month we will look at the work of SC 31 in more detail, including the work load and the prospects for standardization from this committee.

This month we will look at the work of SC 31 in more detail, including the work load and the prospects for standardization from this committee.
The standardization process within ISO is broken into six stages as follows:

  • Stage 0 (preliminary stage): A study period is underway.

  • Stage 1 (proposal stage): An NP (New Project) is under consideration.

  • Stage 2 (preparatory stage): A WD (Working Draft) is under consideration.

  • Stage 3 (committee stage): A CD/FCD (Committee Draft/Final Committee Draft) is under consideration.

  • Stage 4 (approval stage): An FDIS (Final Draft International Standard) is under consideration.

  • Stage 5 (publication stage): An IS (International Standard) is being prepared for publication.

These six stages all include various rounds of voting that are conducted at an international level. This voting takes time and so the process of creating an international standard sometimes feels as if it takes forever. However, the positive side of all this is that when standard has completed all these phases, it truly does have an international acceptance.

Here are the work items identified for SC 31 and their progress to date:

Working Group on Data Carrier (WG 1) Convener: Mr. Sprague Ackley (US)

Work Projects Assigned:

  • Bar code print quality test specification - Two-dimensional symbols, ISO/IEC  15415  

  • Bar code print quality test specification - Linear symbols, ISO/IEC  15416

  • Bar code - symbology specification - Code 128, ISO/IEC 15417

  • Bar code digital imaging and printing performance testing, ISO/IEC  15419  

  • Bar code - symbology specification - EAN/UPC, ISO/IEC 15420

  • Bar code master test specifications, ISO/IEC  15421

  • Bar code scanner and decoder performance testing, ISO/IEC  15423

  • Data Carrier Identifiers (including Symbology Identifiers), ISO/IEC 15424 

  • Bar code verifier conformance specification, ISO/IEC 15426 

    • Part 1: Linear symbols

    • Part 2: Two-dimensional symbols

  • PDF417 bar code symbology specification, ISO/IEC 15438 

  • Data Matrix bar code symbology specification, ISO/IEC 16022  

  • International symbology specification – MaxiCode, ISO/IEC 16023  

  • Bar code symbology specifications -- Code 39, ISO/IEC 16388  

  • Bar code symbology specifications -- Interleaved 2 of 5, ISO/IEC 16390 

  • QR Code 2005 bar code symbology specification, ISO/IEC 18004

  • Effects of gloss and low substrate opacity on reading of bar code symbols, ISO/IEC 19782

  • Guidelines for direct part marking (DPM), ISO/IEC 18004, ISO/IEC 24720

  • EAN.UCC Composite bar code symbology specification, ISO/IEC 24723

  • Reduced Space Symbology (RSS) bar code symbology specification ISO/IEC 24724

  • MicroPDF417 bar code symbology specification, ISO/IEC 24728

  • Bar Code Symbology Specification -- Aztec Code ISO/IEC 24778

  • Quality test specification for rewritable hybrid media data carriers ISO/IEC 24778

  • Direct Part Mark (DPM) Quality Guideline ISO/IEC 24778

Work Group on Data Structure (WG 2) Convener - Mr. Toshihiro Yoshioka (Japan)

 Work Projects Assigned

  • GS1 Application Identifiers and ASC MH 10 Data Identifiers and Maintenance, ISO/IEC 15418

  • Syntax for high capacity ADC media, ISO/IEC 15434

  • Unique identifiers ISO/IEC 15459

    • Part 1: Transport units

    • Part 2: Registration procedures

    • Part 3: Common rules

    • Part 4: Individual items

    • Part 5: Returnable transport items

    • Part 6: Product groupings

    • Part 7: Withdrawn

    • Part 8: Groupings of transport items

  • Guidelines for using data structures in AIDC media, ISO/IEC 29162

Work Group on Conformance (WG 3) Disbanded and work sent to other work groups

Work Group on RFID for Item Management (WG 4) Convener - Mr. Henri Barthel (Belgium)

Work Projects Assigned

  • Data protocol, ISO/IEC 15961 

    • Part 1: Application interface

    • Part 2: Registration of RFID data constructs

    • Part 3: RFID data constructs

    • Part 4: Application interface commands for battery assist and sensor functionality

  • Data protocol: data encoding rules and logical memory functions, ISO/IEC 15962

  • Unique Identification for RF Tag  ISO/IEC 15963 

  • Air Interface, ISO/IEC 18000 

  • Application requirements profiles, ISO/IEC 18001

  • Radio frequency identification (RFID) device performance test methods ISO/IEC 18046

    • Part 1: Test methods for system performance

    • Part 2: Test methods for interrogator performance

    • Part 3: Test methods for tag performance

  • Radio frequency identification device conformance test methods ISO/IEC 18047

    • Part 2: Test methods for air interface communications below 135 kHz

    • Part 3: Test methods for air interface communications at 13,56 MHz

    • Part 4: Test methods for air interface communications at 2,45 GHz

    • Part 6: Test methods for air interface communications at 860 MHz to 960 MHz

    • Part 7: Test methods for active air interface communications at 433 MHz

  • Software system infrastructure, ISO/IEC 24791

    • Part 1: Device management

    • Part 2: Data management

    • Part 3: Application management

    • Part 4: Application interface

    • Part 5: Device interface

    • Part 6: Security

  • Implementation guidelines, ISO/IEC 24729

    • Part 1: RFID-enabled labels and packaging supporting ISO/IEC 18000-6C

    • Part 2: Recycling and RF tags

    • Part 3: Implementation and operation of UHF RFID Interrogator systems in logistic applications

  • Elementary tag license plate functionality for ISO/IEC 18000 air interface definitions, ISO/IEC 24710

  • RFID emblem ISO/IEC 29160

Work Group on Real Time Locating Systems (RTLS) (WG 5) Convener - Ms. Marsha Harmon (USA)

Work Projects Assigned

  • Real-time locating systems (RTLS), ISO 24730

    • Part 1: Application program interface (API)

    • Part 2: 2,4 GHz air interface protocol

    • Part 3: 433 MHz air interface protocol

    • Part 4: Global Locating Systems (GLS)

    • Part 5: Chirp Spread Spectrum (CSS) at 2,4 GHz air interface

  • RTLS device conformance test methods, ISO 24769

    • Part 2: 2,4 GHz air interface protocol

  • RTLS device performance test methods, ISO 24770

Work Group on Mobile Item Identification and Management (MIIM) (WG 6) Convener - Mr. Craig Harmon (USA)

Work Projects Assigned

  • Air interface specification for Mobile RFID interrogator, ISO/IEC 29143

  • Reference architecture for Mobile AIDC services, ISO/IEC 29172

  • Mobile RFID interrogator device protocol, ISO/IEC 29173

  • UII scheme and encoding format for Mobile AIDC services, ISO/IEC 29174

  • Application data structure and encoding format for Mobile AIDC services, ISO/IEC 29175

  • Consumer privacy-protection protocol for Mobile RFID services, ISO/IEC 29176

  • Object Directory Service for Mobile AIDC services, ISO/IEC 29177

  • Service broker for Mobile AIDC services, ISO/IEC 29178

  • Mobile AIDC application programming interface, ISO/IEC 29179

Work Group on Security for Item Management (WG 7) Convener - Mr. Dan Kimball (USA)

Work Projects Assigned

  • Air Interface for file management and security services for RFID, ISO/IEC 29167

Vocabulary Rapporteur - Mr. Craig Harmon (USA)

Work Projects Assigned

  • Harmonized vocabulary, ISO/IEC 19762

    • Part 1: General terms relating to AIDC

    • Part 2: Optically readable media (ORM)

    • Part 3: Radio frequency identification (RFID)

    • Part 4: Conceptual relationship between terms

    • Harmonized vocabulary Part 5: locating systems

Next month we will talk about the ISO process and how it works.