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A Standards Update - The ISO process - part 2
Welcome to this edition of a regular column
about standards in the Automatic Identification and Data Capture
(AIDC) industry. This column will be updated regularly to keep
you current on news of standards and their impact on the
In the coming months, we will try to
educate you on the various technologies covered under the AIDC
umbrella as well as bring news of the standardization process
and its progress. If you have news about standards that you want
to share, or questions you want to ask, send them to
firstname.lastname@example.org and we will try to incorporate them into
the next column.
last month's issue of this column, we summarized the process
that is necessary to create a standard under the JTC1
banner. This month we will look at the Fast Track process
and other possible shortcuts.
There are a couple of ways to short circuit
the six step process that we discussed last month and there are
advantages and disadvantages to each of them.
stage one, a working draft can be submitted with the NP.
If approved this can considerably shorten the process
time for the document in committee as a working draft.
The document is usually created by someone who is
knowledgeable about the subject and who is able to do
much of the work without the aid of the committee. This
approach is an excellent one for many projects, as there
usually is someone more knowledgeable than others in the
early stages (the inventor for example). Now when the
workgroup start work they have a document before them
from day one, and we all know that it is much easier to
find fault with an existing document than it is to
create a new one. If the standard is a straight forward
one, this can reduce the time as a working draft by a
significant amount of time.
If there has been a de-facto
standard for some time before the submission of the NP,
it may be possible to submit a NP with a CD ballot. This
method assumes that there is considerable reason to
believe that the document is substantially correct and
there are few changes likely to be made to the document.
One disadvantage to this method is that the workgroup
find themselves inheriting a document that has been
created elsewhere and that they have little ability to
influence. If this approach results in a successful
ballot, the time to standardization has been
considerably reduced. If it fails the CD part of the
ballot but is accepted as an NP, then no time has been
lost and work progresses normally. If it fails the NP
ballot then it is no different from any other NP
submission that fails. In order to get acceptance in the
ballot a substantially complete and correct document is
The fastest way to create a
standard is the Fast Track process. This process allows
a P member of JTC1 or a category A liaison to submit a
document effectively as a Draft International Standard
(DIS). The ballot process is six months, and the P
members can vote to accept it, to disapprove it with
suggestions to make it acceptable, or to abstain. At
least two thirds of the P members must approve it, with
no more than one-quarter of the total number of votes
cast being negative, and more than 50% of the P members
voting. A ballot resolution meeting is scheduled for the
conclusion of the vote and at the end of this meeting,
if the above conditions are met, the document is said to
have passed. All that is left is for the project editor
to implement any changes agreed at the ballot resolution
meeting and the document is on its way to publication.
Another method to get a standard
published is by using something called the PAS (Publicly
Available Specification) method. This process allows a
company or other organization, not normally recognized
by JTC 1, and allows them to submit their own
specifications for adoption as a standard. The company
applies to JTC 1 for recognition as a PAS submitter.
Once they are approved, they can submit any of their
specifications into JTC 1 for recognition as a JTC 1
standard. The adoption process closely mirrors the Fast
Track process as far as approval for the standard is
This details the processes that can
allow some shortcuts into the standard JTC 1 standardization
procedures. Coupled with the standard six step method
detailed in last months column, you should now understand
all the options available for standardization within JTC 1.
Next month we will start looking at the
various AIDC technologies and who is involved in standardization
in these technologies.