High Tech Aid logo High Tech Aid
 
 

Menu



Search
Newsletter
Signup for the Free HighTechAIDCourier

Email
Subscribe
Remove

We hate spam and will never give away, sell or trade your email address

To change your email address, remove your old address and re-subscribe with the new one.



Newsletter link



Subscribe to the RFID discussion group





Powered by groups.yahoo.com

  A Standards Update - AIDC Card Standards

Welcome to this edition of a regular column about standards in the Automatic Identification and Data Capture (AIDC) industry. This column will be updated regularly to keep you current on news of standards and their impact on the industry.

High Tech Aid offers Expertise in AIDC technologies such as RFID and barcode as well as NFC and Internet of ThingsIn the coming articles, we will try to educate you on the various technologies covered under the AIDC umbrella as well as bring news of the standardization process and its progress. If you have news about standards that you want to share, or questions you want to ask, send them to steve@hightechaid.com and we will try to incorporate them into the next column.

In the last column we discussed bar code standards, in this column we will take a look at card standards. We have discussed the difference between technology and application standards, and we will try to look at both again in this article.

The international home for card based standards is ISO/IEC JTC1/SC17 Cards and Personal identification. (For a better understanding of JTC1 see the previous articles). The details of the sub committee can be found at: http://www.sc17.com. This committee has various work groups that look at all aspects of the card based world.

The working groups that function in this Sub Committee are:

  • WG3 - Machine Readable Travel Documents
  • WG4 - Integrated Circuit Cards With Contacts - Click here to visit the WG4 website
  • WG5 - Registration Management Group
  • WG7 - Financial Transaction Cards
  • WG8 - Contactless Integrated Circuit(s) Cards, Related Devices And Interfaces - Click here to visit the WG8 website
  • WG9 - Optical Memory Cards And Devices
  • OWG - Technology Co-Existence On Identification Cards
  • WG10 - Motor Vehicle Driver Licenses
  • High Tech Aid offers Resources in AIDC technologies such as RFID and barcode as well as NFC and Internet of ThingsThe table shows the work items assigned to SC17 along with the 18 standards (many of which are multi-part) that they are responsible for. As you will see, the words "cards and personal identification" cover everything from credit cards to access control cards, to document storage, to passports, to driver licenses. This broad range of activities has kept this sub committee and its work groups busy for some time, with new documents and revisions of documents constantly being worked on.

    As with bar code technology discussed in the last article, there is not just one source of standards and specifications for these technologies. If you are looking for a specification for an access control card, you will not find it here, though you may find a standard for a technology used on the card. You may find that no application standard exists for your need, or you may find that there is a defacto standard that has grown up in the industry that has never been committed to a formal standardization process. An example of this might be Wiegand technology used in the access control market. There are no standards for Wiegand published by ANSI or ISO, but it has become a defacto standard in the access control field for many years. You will need to talk to the access control manufacturers to determine what is the standard.

    Another area that has had little of no standardization until recently is the "non banking" side of the magnetic stripe market. Organizations using magnetic stripe technology relied on parts of the standards produced by SC17 to give them some area to fall back on, but they really did not use the full ISO document to encode their cards. These applications often do not wish to be tied to a standard that is used so extensively as the one used on banking cards. Their desire for difference may be as simple as an encoding format difference, or it may be as complicated as different performance characteristics for the magnetic stripe.

    High Tech Aid offers Knowledge about AIDC technologies such as RFID and barcode as well as NFC and Internet of ThingsAs a result of these requests for a "different" type of magnetic stripe card, AIM was asked to create a standard for a stripe that would allow the specification of the performance of the a stripe, yet would be easily testable by the user organization without the need for expensive equipment. AIM released the document "Effective Magnetic Parameters of Magnetic Stripes on Media" in 1990, and recently revised it before submission to ANSI for acceptance as an ANSI standard (ANSI/AIM MS-1) due to be published late in 2000. A brief summary of the document can be found on the AIM web site.

    Next time we will look at RFID technology standards.

    Table of SC17 documents:

    • ISO 8484 Magnetic stripes on savings books

    • ISO/ IEC 10373- 1 Test methods -General

    • ISO/ IEC 10373- 2 Test methods - Magnetic strip technologies

    • ISO/ IEC 7810 Identification cards - Physical characteristics.

    • ISO/ IEC 7811- 1 Identification cards - Recording technique - Embossing.

    • ISO/ IEC 7811- 2 Identification cards - Recording technique - Magnetic stripe.

    • ISO/ IEC 7811- 3 Identification cards - Recording technique - Location of embossed characters.

    • ISO/ IEC 7811- 4 Identification cards - Recording technique - Location of Tracks 1 and 2.

    • ISO/ IEC 7811- 5 Identification cards - Recording technique - Location of track 3.

    • ISO/ IEC 7811- 6 Identification cards - Recording technique - Magnetic stripe - High coercivity

    • ISO/ IEC 15457- 1 Identification cards - Thin flexible cards - Physical characteristics, magnetic recording techniques, test methods.- Part 1: Physical Characteristics

    • ISO/ IEC 15457- 2 Identification cards - Thin flexible cards - Physical characteristics, magnetic recording techniques, test methods - Part 2: Magnetic recording techniques

    • ISO/ IEC 15457- 3 Identification cards - Thin flexible cards - Physical characteristics, magnetic recording techniques, test methods - Part 3: Test Methods.

    • ISO/ IEC 7501- 1 Identification cards - Machine readable travel documents - Part 1: Machine readable passport.

    • ISO/ IEC 7501- 2 Identification cards - Machine readable travel documents - Part 2: Machine readable visas.

    • ISO/ IEC 7501- 3 Identification cards - Machine readable travel documents - official travel documents

    • NP 14543 Identification cards - Machine readable travel documents - machine readable travel cards with coexistent technologies

    • ISO 7816- 1 Identification cards - Integrated circuit( s) cards with contacts - Part 1: Physical characteristics.

    • ISO 7816- 2 Identification cards - Integrated circuit( s) cards with contacts - Part 2: Dimensions and location of the contacts

    • ISO 7816- 3 Identification cards - Integrated circuit( s) cards with contacts - Part 3: Electronic signals and transmission protocols.

    • ISO/ IEC 7816- 4 Identification cards - Integrated circuit( s) cards with contacts: Part 4: Interindustry commands for interchange.

    • ISO/ IEC 7816- 4/ AM1 Impact of secure messaging on APDE structures

    • ISO/ IEC 7816- 5 Identification cards - Integrated circuit( s) cards with contacts: Part 5: Registration system for applications in IC Cards.

    • ISO/ IEC 7816- 5/ AM1 AM1: Proposal for a set of Registered Application provider identifiers (RIDs)

    • ISO/ IEC 7816- 6 Identification cards - Integrated circuit( s) cards with contacts Part 6: Interindustry Data Elements

    • Defect Report ISO/ IEC 7816- 6 Technical Corrigenda

    • ISO/ IEC 7816- 6/ AM1 IC Manufacturer registration

    • ISO/ IEC 7816- 7 Identification cards - Integrated circuit( s) cards with contacts - Part 7: Interindustry commands for Structured Card Query Language (SCQL)

    • ISO/ IEC 7816- 8 Identification cards - Integrated circuit( s) cards with contacts - Part 8: Security architecture and related interindustry commands

    • ISO/ IEC 7816- 9 Identification cards - Integrated circuit( s) cards with contacts - Part 9: Enhanced interindustry commands

    • ISO/ IEC 7816- 10 Identification cards - Integrated circuit( s) cards with contacts Part 10: Electronic signals and answer to reset for synchronous cards

    • ISO/ IEC 7816- 11 Identification cards - Integrated circuit( s) cards with contacts Part 11: Framework for dynamic handling of multiple application in integrated circuit cards

    • ISO/ IEC 15460 Identification cards - Integrated circuit( s) cards with contacts - Integrated circuits with voltages lower than 3 volts

    • ISO/ IEC 18020 Identification cards - Integrated circuit( s) cards with contacts - Personal verification through biometric methods in integrated circuit cards

    • ISO/ IEC 10373- 3 Test methods - Integrated circuit cards

    • ISO/ IEC 7812- 1: 1993 Identification cards - Identification of issuers - Part 1: Numbering system

    • ISO/ IEC 7812- 2: 1993 Identification cards - Identification of issuers - Part 2: Application and registration Procedures

    • ISO/ IEC 7813 Financial transaction cards

    • ISO/ IEC 10536- 1 Identification cards - Contactless integrated circuit( s) cards - Part 1: Physical characteristics.

    • ISO/ IEC 10536- 2 Identification cards - Contactless integrated circuit( s) cards - Part 2: Dimensions and location of coupling areas

    • ISO/ IEC 10536- 3 Identification cards - Contactless integrated circuit( s) cards - Part 3: Electronic signals and reset procedures

    • ISO/ IEC 10536- 4 Identification cards - Contactless integrated circuit( s) cards - Part 4: Answer to reset and transmission protocols

    • ISO/ IEC 14443- 1 Identification cards - Contactless integrated circuit( s) cards - Proximity integrated circuit( s) cards - Part 1: Physical characteristics

    • ISO/ IEC 14443- 2 Identification cards - Contactless integrated circuit( s) cards - Proximity integrated circuit( s) cards - Part 2: Radio frequency interface

    • ISO/ IEC 14443- 3 Identification cards - Contactless integrated circuit( s) cards - Proximity integrated circuit( s) cards - Part 3: Initilization and anticollision

    • ISO/ IEC 14443- 4 Identification cards - Contactless integrated circuit( s) cards - Proximity integrated circuit( s) cards - Part 4: Transmission protocols

    • ISO/ IEC 15693- 1 Identification cards - Contactless integrated circuit( s) cards - Vicinity cards - Part 1: Physical characteristics

    • ISO/ IEC 15693- 2 Identification cards - Contactless integrated circuit( s) cards - Vicinity cards Part 2: Air interface and initialization

    • ISO/ IEC 15693- 3 Identification cards - Contactless integrated circuit( s) cards - Vicinity cards Part 3: Protocols

    • ISO/ IEC 15693- 4 Identification cards - Contactless integrated circuit( s) cards - Vicinity cards Part 4: Registration of Applications/ issuers

    • ISO/ IEC 10373- 4 Test methods - Contactless integrated circuit cards

    • ISO/ IEC 10373- 6 Test methods - Proximity cards

    • ISO/ IEC 10373- 7 Test methods - Vicinity cards

    • ISO/ IEC 11693 Identification cards - Optical memory cards.

    • ISO/ IEC 11694- 1 Identification cards - Optical memory cards and devices - Linear recording method - Part 1: Physical characteristics.

    • ISO/ IEC 11694- 2 Identification cards - Optical memory cards and devices - Linear recording method - Part 2: Dimensions and location of the accessible optical area.

    • ISO/ IEC 11694- 2/ DAM1 Optional card layout

    • ISO/ IEC 11694- 3 Identification cards - Optical memory cards and devices - Linear recording method - Part 3: Optical properties and characteristics.

    • ISO/ IEC 11694- 4 Identification cards - Optical memory cards and devices - Linear recording method - Part 4: Logical data structures.

    • ISO/ IEC 10373- 5 Test methods - Optical memory cards

    • ISO/ IEC 18013 Identification cards -Motor Vehicle Licence

    Back to Table of Contents